Emergency Medicine Evidence Updates – January 2022

Randomised Controlled Trials

A physiotherapy-led transition to home intervention for older adults following emergency department discharge: protocol for a pilot feasibility randomised controlled trial Pilot and Feasibility Studies

A Randomized, double-blind, dose ranging clinical trial of intravenous FDY-5301 in acute STEMI patients undergoing primary PCI International Journal of Cardiology

Comparison of the efficacy of intranasal ketamine versus intravenous ketorolac on acute non-traumatic headaches: a randomized double-blind clinical trial Head & Face Medicine

Pre-hospital transdermal glyceryl trinitrate in patients with stroke mimics: data from the RIGHT-2 randomised-controlled ambulance trial BMC Emergency Medicine

Using the Social Robot NAO for Emotional Support to Children at a Pediatric Emergency Department: Randomized Clinical Trial Journal of Medical Internet Research


COVID-19 rapid guideline: managing COVID-19 NG191

KardiaMobile for detecting atrial fibrillation MTG64

Rehabilitation after traumatic injury NG211

Other Guidance/Reports

Coronavirus (COVID-19): ventilation guidance Updated 31 January 2022 Scottish Government

 ERC-ESICM guidelines on temperature control after cardiac arrest in adults Resuscitation


Percutaneous thrombectomy or ultrasound‐accelerated thrombolysis for initial management of acute limb ischaemia

Proton pump inhibitor treatment initiated prior to endoscopic diagnosis in upper gastrointestinal bleeding

Primary Research

AiRDose – Developing and Validating an Augmented Reality Smartphone Application for Weight Estimation and Dosing in Children Pediatric Emergency Care

An economic evaluation of triage tools for patients with suspected severe injuries in England BMC Emergency Medicine

Assessing the quality of patient handovers between ambulance services and emergency department – development and validation of the emergency department human factors in handover tool BMC Emergency Medicine

Assessment of Iron Status in Adolescents Presenting to the Emergency Department With Heavy Menstrual Bleeding Pediatric Emergency Care

Association between delays to patient admission from the emergency department and all-cause 30-day mortality Emergency Medicine Journal

Biologic Therapies for Severe Asthma NEJM

Biomechanical analysis of force distribution in one-handed and two-handed child chest compression- a randomized crossover observational study BMC Emergency Medicine

Chest compression fraction calculation: A new, automated, robust method to identify periods of chest compressions from defibrillator data – Tested in Zoll X SeriesResuscitation

Comparison of Arterial Ischemic and Hemorrhagic Pediatric Stroke in Etiology, Risk Factors, Clinical Manifestations, and Prognosis Pediatric Emergency Care

Evaluation of initial shockable rhythm as an indicator of short no-flow time in cardiac arrest: a national registry study Emergency Medicine Journal

Implementation of a Urinary Tract Infection Management Pathway to Evaluate Emergency Department Length of Stay in a Pediatric Emergency Department Annals of Emergency Medicine

Intravenous Fluid Bolus Volume and Resolution of Acute Kidney Injury in Children With Diabetic Ketoacidosis Pediatric Emergency Care

Necrotizing Soft Tissue Infections (NSTI): Pearls and Pitfalls for the Emergency Clinician The Journal of Emergency Medicine

Paraphimosis Pain Treatment with Nebulized Ketamine in the Emergency Department The Journal of Emergency Medicine

Patients’ experiences of attending emergency departments where primary care services are located: qualitative findings from patient and clinician interviews from a realist evaluation BMC Emergency Medicine

Pediatric Carbon Monoxide Poisoning – Effects of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy on Thiol/Disulfide Balance Pediatric Emergency Care

Point-of-care testing in Paediatric settings in the UK and Ireland: a cross-sectional study BMC Emergency Medicine

Point-of-care testing with high-sensitivity cardiac troponin assays: the challenges and opportunities Emergency Medicine Journal

Reducing Phlebotomy, Length of Stay, Cost – Development of a Blunt Abdominal Trauma Pathway in a Level I, Pediatric Trauma Center Pediatric Emergency Care

Relationship Between Body Temperature and Heart Rate in Children With No Other Apparent Cause of Tachycardia Pediatric Emergency Care

Rhythmicity of patient flow in an acute medical unit: relationship to hospital occupancy, 7-day working and the effect of COVID-19 QJM

The association between vital signs and clinical outcomes in emergency department patients of different age categories Emergency Medicine Journal

The Impact of Pop-Up Clinical Electronic Health Record Decision Tools on Ordering Pulmonary Embolism Studies in the Emergency Department The Journal of Emergency Medicine

Ultrasound-Guided Regional Anesthesia of the Femoral Nerve in the Pediatric Emergency Department Pediatric Emergency Care

Usability and effectiveness of inhaled methoxyflurane for prehospital analgesia – a prospective, observational study BMC Emergency Medicine


Summary author: Rebecca Howes @ClinicalLibsPHU
Summary date:
Picture by: Ehimetalor Akhere Unuabona on Unsplash

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