Emergency Evidence Updates – December 2023

Randomised Controlled Trials

Comparison between a low-cost model (CPR Pillow) and a mannequin in training hands only cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR): A randomised trial  Resuscitation Plus

Pain in children with Bell’s palsy: secondary analysis of a randomised controlled trial  Archives of Disease in Childhood

Route of drug administration in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: A protocol for a randomised controlled trial (PARAMEDIC-3)  Resuscitation Plus

The Impact of Cold Spray and Ice Application During Intravenous Access on Pain and Fear in Children Aged 7-15 Years in the Pediatric Emergency Unit: A Randomized Controlled Trial  Journal of Emergency Nursing


Epilepsies in children, young people and adults QS211

Other Guidance/Reports

2023 American Heart Association Focused Update on Adult Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support: An Update to the American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care  Circulation

Consensus statement on the interhospital transfer of patients with acute aortic syndrome: TRAVERSING Delphi study  Emergency Medicine Journal

Management of major bleeding for anticoagulated patients in the Emergency Department: an European experts consensus statement  European Journal of Emergency Medicine

Pharmacists & Pharmacy Services in the Emergency Department  RCEM

Primary Research


Core temperature following pre-hospital induction of anaesthesia in trauma patients  Emergency Medicine Australasia

Exploring cardiac arrest in ‘at-home’ settings: Concepts derived from a qualitative interview study with layperson bystanders  Resuscitation

Exploring the challenges to using telecardiology as perceived by pre-hospital emergency care personnel: a qualitative study  BMC Emergency Medicine

Live stream of prehospital point-of-care ultrasound during cardiopulmonary resuscitation – A feasibility trial  Resuscitation

Prehospital blood gas analyses in acute patients treated by a ground-based physician-manned emergency unit: a cohort study  Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine

Pre-hospital ECPR in an Australian metropolitan setting: a single-arm feasibility assessment—The CPR, pre-hospital ECPR and early reperfusion (CHEER3) study  Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine

The association between geospatial and temporal factors and pre-hospital response to major trauma: a retrospective cohort study in the North of England  Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine

Using infrared cameras in drones to detect bleeding events  BMC Emergency Medicine


A streamlined Emergency Department approach to moderate risk chest pain in patients with no pre-existing coronary artery disease: A pilot study  Emergency Medicine Australasia

Attitudes towards artificial intelligence in emergency medicine  Emergency Medicine Australasia

Comparative usability of manual defibrillators – A human factors study  Resuscitation Plus

Emergency Nurses’ Recognition of and Perception of Sex Differences in Acute Coronary Syndrome Symptoms  Journal of Emergency Nursing

Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation for refractory out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: 10-year experience in a metropolitan cardiac arrest centre in Milan, Italy  Resuscitation Plus

Image quality and technical limitations in emergency department cardiac point-of-care ultrasound: A retrospective cohort study  Emergency Medicine Australasia

Implementation of an Ultrasound-Guided Regional Anesthesia Program in the Emergency Department of a Community Teaching Hospital  Annals of Emergency Medicine

The burden and prognostic significance of suspected sepsis in the prehospital setting: A state-wide population-based cohort study  Emergency Medicine Australasia

The Impact of Nurse-Physician Relationships on Emergency Nurses’ Moral Distress  Journal of Emergency Nursing


Are Pediatric Trauma Transfers Justified?  A Unique Viewpoint From a Transferring Institution  Pediatric Emergency Care

Association of blood pressure with neurologic outcome at hospital discharge after pediatric cardiac arrest resuscitation  Resuscitation

Celiac Disease and Intussusception – A Common Association in Children  Pediatric Emergency Care

Chest compressions for pediatric organized rhythms: A hemodynamic and outcomes analysis  Resuscitation

Combination of Intranasal Dexmedetomidine and Midazolam for Sedation in Pediatric Magnetic Resonance Imaging – A Retrospective Observational Study  Pediatric Emergency Care

Elevated High-Sensitivity Troponin and NT-proBNP Values in Febrile Children  Pediatric Emergency Care

Favourable neurological outcome following paediatric out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a retrospective observational study  Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine

Introducing a novel respiratory function monitor for neonatal resuscitation training  Resuscitation Plus

Pediatric Sepsis in General Emergency Departments: Association Between Pediatric Sepsis Case Volume, Care Quality, and Outcome  Annals of Emergency Medicine

Point-of-care ultrasound as a diagnostic tool in respiratory assessment in awake paediatric patients: a comparative study  Archives of Disease in Childhood

Predicting transfers to intensive care in children using CEWT and other early warning systems  Resuscitation Plus

Safety and efficacy of a nitrous oxide procedural sedation programme in a paediatric emergency department: a decade of outcomes  Emergency Medicine Journal

The Use of Medical Chaperones During Physical Examinations – The Perceptions of Adolescents and Their Caregivers  Pediatric Emergency Care

Toddler’s Fracture  NEJM

Towards an international consensus on safety netting advice for acutely ill children presenting to ambulatory care: a modified e-Delphi procedure  Archives of Disease in Childhood


A streamlined Emergency Department approach to moderate risk chest pain in patients with no pre-existing coronary artery disease: A pilot study  Emergency Medicine Australasia

Computed Tomography Imaging of Geriatric Patients with Uncertain Head Trauma  The Journal of Emergency Medicine

Do upright radiograph findings affect treatment plans for patients with thoracic and lumbar spine injuries?  Trauma

Implementation of Tenecteplase for Acute Ischemic Stroke Treatment  Journal of Emergency Nursing

Nine recommendations for the emergency department for patients presenting with low back pain based on management and post-discharge outcomes in an Australian, tertiary emergency department  Emergency Medicine Australasia

Prolonged follow-up after apparently unexplained sudden cardiac arrest: A retrospective study  Resuscitation

Risk assessment scales to predict risk of lower extremity deep vein thrombosis among multiple trauma patients: a prospective cohort study  BMC Emergency Medicine

Stepladder Dislocation of the Finger  NEJM

The impact of double sequential shock timing on outcomes during refractory out-of-hospital cardiac arrest  Resuscitation

Use of resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) and ultrasound-guided left stellate ganglion block to rescue out of hospital cardiac arrest due to refractory ventricular fibrillation: A case report  Resuscitation Plus



Summary author: Rebecca Howes @ClinicalLibsPHU
Summary date:
Picture by: Ehimetalor Akhere Unuabona on Unsplash

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