Emergency Evidence Updates – February 2022

Randomised Controlled Trials

A Multicentered Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing the Effectiveness of Pain Treatment Communication Tools in Emergency Department Patients With Back or Kidney Stone Pain – American Journal of Public Health

Barriers to recruitment into emergency department-initiated palliative care: a sub-study of a multi-site, randomized controlled trial – BMC Palliative Care

Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing the Bulb Aspirator With a Nasal-Oral Aspirator in the Treatment of Bronchiolitis – Pediatric Emergency Care

The effect of aromatherapy with peppermint essential oil on anxiety of cardiac patients in emergency department: A placebo-controlled study – Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice


Palforzia for treating peanut allergy in children and young people – guidance (TA769)

Other Guidance/Reports

Administration of rectal diazepam to neonates and infants to treat seizures prior to hospital admission – position statement – RCPCH

Boils, carbuncles, and staphylococcal carriage: Scenario: Boils and carbuncles – Clinical Knowledge Summaries

Consensus statement: Coordinated and consistent emergency and urgent medical care – Royal College of Physicians

Diabetes – type 2: Scenario: Management of children and young people with type 2 diabetes – Clinical Knowledge Summaries

Diabetes – type 2: When should I suspect a hyperglycaemic emergency? – Clinical Knowledge Summaries

Heart failure – chronic: How should I assess a person with suspected chronic heart failure? – Clinical Knowledge Summaries

Pulmonary embolism: Scenario: Suspected pulmonary embolism – Clinical Knowledge Summaries


Early pharmacological interventions for universal prevention of post‐traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

Primary Research

Airway management in a Helicopter Emergency Medical Service (HEMS): a retrospective observational study of 365 out-of-hospital intubations – BMC Emergency Medicine

Assessment of emergency physicians’ performance in identifying shockable rhythm in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: an observational simulation study – Emergency Medicine Journal

Clinical and economic impact of medication reconciliation by designated ward pharmacists in a hospitalist-managed acute medical unit – Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy

Cortical Hand’ in the Emergency Department: Two Case Reports – The Journal of Emergency Medicine

Cost-effectiveness of patient observation on cranial CT use with minor head trauma – Archives of Disease in Childhood

Emergency Department Management of Pediatric Heart Transplant Recipients: Unique Immunologic and Hemodynamic Challenges – The Journal of Emergency Medicine

Exploration of clinicians’ decision-making regarding transfer of patient care from the emergency department to a medical assessment unit: A qualitative study – PLOS One

Extra-axial haemorrhages in young children with skull fractures: abuse or accident? – Archives of Disease in Childhood

Femoral artery Doppler ultrasound is more accurate than manual palpation for pulse detection in cardiac arrest – Resuscitation

Influence of prehospital management on the outcome of spinal cord decompression sickness in scuba divers – Emergency Medicine Journal

Motor Vehicle Collision and Acute Kidney Injury in Children – Pediatric Emergency Care

Multimodal Quality Improvement Intervention With Dedicated Patient Flow Manager to Reduce Emergency Department Length of Stay and Occupancy: Interrupted Time Series Analysis – Journal of Emergency Nursing

Pediatric Ovarian Torsion – Should You Go With the Flow? – Pediatric Emergency Care

Periodic Resuscitation Cart Checks and Nurse Situational Awareness: An Observational Study – Journal of Emergency Nursing

Point-of-Care Ultrasound–Guided Serratus Anterior Plane Block for Chest Tube Placement in a Spontaneous Pneumothorax – Pediatric Emergency Care

Prediction of Pediatric Patient Admission/Discharge in the Emergency Department – Irish Pediatric Early Warning Score, Pediatric Observation Priority Score, and Irish Children’s Triage System – Pediatric Emergency Care

Prehospital benzodiazepine use and need for respiratory support in paediatric seizures – Emergency Medicine Journal

Reliability and validity of the Netherlands Triage Standard in emergency care settings: a case scenario study – Emergency Medicine Journal

Risk Factors for Longer Pediatric Intensive Care Unit Length of Stay Among Children Who Required Escalation of Care Within 24 Hours of Admission – Pediatric Emergency Care

Risk factors for the presence of important fractures in ED patients with shoulder dislocation: a retrospective cohort study – Emergency Medicine Journal

Semi-rigid knee splints for injury and risk of symptomatic venous thromboembolism: an exploratory retrospective analysis – Emergency Medicine Journal

The emergency department arrival mode and its relations to ED management and 30-day mortality in acute heart failure: an ancillary analysis from the EURODEM study – BMC Emergency Medicine

Thunderclap headache syndrome presenting to the emergency department: an international multicentre observational cohort study – Emergency Medicine Journal

Verification of Endotracheal Tube Position by Emergency Nurses Using Ultrasound: A Repeated Measures Cadaver Study – Journal of Emergency Nursing



Summary author: Rebecca Howes @ClinicalLibsPHU
Summary date:
Picture by: Ehimetalor Akhere Unuabona on Unsplash

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