Emergency Evidence Updates – February 2023

Randomised Controlled Trials

Effectiveness of Lay Bystander Hands-Only Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation on a Mattress versus the Floor: A Randomized Cross-Over Trial  Annals of Emergency Medicine


Urinary tract infections in adults QS90

Other Guidance/Reports

Clinical Practice Guidelines for Assessment and Management of Patients with Substance Intoxication Presenting to the Emergency Department  Indian Journal of Psychiatry

Death rates following emergency department chest pain assessment  Emergency Medicine Australasia

Drink and injection spiking: how to approach an increase in presentations?  Emergency Medicine Journal


Vitamin D for the management of asthma

Primary Research


A Retrospective Nationwide Comparison of the iGel and King Laryngeal Tube Supraglottic Airways for Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Resuscitation  Prehospital Emergency Care

Assessment and management of children with head injury: practice and opinion  Journal of Paramedic Practice

Association between a Post-Resuscitation Care Bundle and the Odds of Field Rearrest after Successful Resuscitation from Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: A Pre/Post Study  Prehospital Emergency Care

Automated external defibrillator electrode size and termination of ventricular fibrillation in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest  Resuscitation

Comparing the Effects of Low-Dose Ketamine, Fentanyl, and Morphine on Hemorrhagic Tolerance and Analgesia in Humans  Prehospital Emergency Care

Cooling Modality Effectiveness and Mortality Associate With Prehospital Care of Exertional Heat Stroke Casualities  The Journal of Emergency Medicine

“It’s like a swan, all nice and serene on top, and paddling like hell underneath”: community first responders’ practices in attending patients and contributions to rapid emergency response in rural England, United Kingdom—a qualitative interview study  Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine

Stress of emergency physicians during helicopter operations: impact of patients’ diagnoses, severity of diagnoses, and physicians’ work experience  BMC Emergency Medicine

The effect of a multi-faceted quality improvement program on paramedic intubation success in the critical care transport environment: a before-and-after study  Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine



Barriers and facilitators to guideline-recommended care of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo in the ED: a qualitative study using the theoretical domains framework Emergency Medicine Journal

Can triage nurses accurately interpret the electrocardiogram in the emergency department to predict acute cardiovascular events? A prospective observational study  Journal of Advanced Nursing

Emergency department care experiences among members of equity-deserving groups: quantitative results from a cross-sectional mixed methods study  BMC Emergency Medicine

Evaluation and Management of Airway Foreign Bodies in the Emergency Department Setting  The Journal of Emergency Medicine

First attempt success with continued versus paused chest compressions during cardiac arrest in the emergency department  Resuscitation

Modified Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score for predicting mortality in emergency department patients with sepsis  Emergency Medicine Australasia

The time cost of physiologically ineffective intravenous fluids in the emergency department: an observational pilot study employing wearable Doppler ultrasound  Journal of Intensive Care

Triage to electrocardiogram sign-off time in patients with acute coronary syndrome at a metropolitan Sydney hospital  Emergency Medicine Australasia



Development of a paediatric airway management checklist for the emergency department: a modified Delphi approach  Emergency Medicine Journal

Identification of Papilledema in Pediatric Patients With Meningitis Using Ocular Point-of-Care Ultrasound  Pediatric Emergency Care

Intentional Paediatric Poisoning Presentations to Emergency Departments During the COVID-19 Pandemic  Emergency Medicine Australasia

Out-of-Hospital Pediatric Video Laryngoscopy With an Adult Device: A Case Series Presented With a Contemporary Group Intubated With Direct Laryngoscopy  Pediatric Emergency Care

The effect of hand position on chest compression quality during CPR in young children: Findings from the Videography in pediatric emergency research (VIPER) collaborative  Resuscitation

The Importance of Median Glossoepiglottic Fold Engagement on Laryngeal View and Tracheal Intubation Success in Children  Annals of Emergency Medicine

The Pediatric Bougie for the First Tracheal Intubation Attempt in Critically Ill Children  Annals of Emergency Medicine



A case of high-tension electrical injury of the upper extremity  Trauma

Acute Tonsillitis Due To Monkeypox  The Journal of Emergency Medicine

Association between major trauma centre care and outcomes of adult patients injured by low falls in England and Wales  Emergency Medicine Journal

Crouching Zookeeper, Hidden Dragon: A Case of a Komodo Dragon Bite  The Journal of Emergency Medicine

Diabetic Ketoalkalosis: A Common Yet Easily Overlooked Alkalemic Variant of Diabetic Ketoacidosis Associated with Mixed Acid-Base Disorders  The Journal of Emergency Medicine

Droperidol versus ondansetron for nausea treatment within the emergency department  Emergency Medicine Australasia

Evaluating the impact of a pulse oximetry remote monitoring programme on mortality and healthcare utilisation in patients with COVID-19 assessed in Emergency Departments in England: a retrospective matched cohort study  Emergency Medicine Journal

Frequency and Outcomes of Cervical Spine Computed Tomography Imaging on Alcohol-Intoxicated Patients in the Emergency Department  The Journal of Emergency Medicine

Hyperacute T Wave in the Early Diagnosis of Acute Myocardial Infarction  Annals of Emergency Medicine

Inferior Subtle ST Elevation. Would You Activate Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory?  The Journal of Emergency Medicine

Injuries and outcomes resulting due to falls in elderly patients presenting to the Emergency Department of a tertiary care hospital – a cohort study  BMC Emergency Medicine

Long-term outcomes and prognostic factors of extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation in patients older than 75 years: a single-centre retrospective study  Emergency Medicine Journal

Musculus psoas major morphology – a novel predictor of mortality in elderly polytraumatized patients  BMC Emergency Medicine

Patient Perspectives on Seeking Emergency Care for Acute Low Back Pain and Access to Physical Therapy in the Emergency Department  Annals of Emergency Medicine

Plasma calprotectin as an indicator of need of transfer to intensive care in patients with suspected sepsis at the emergency department  BMC Emergency Medicine

Primary Neurologic Symptoms: Have You Considered Pernicious Anemia?  The Journal of Emergency Medicine

Reversible Neurotoxicity Due To Excessive Use of Ethyl Chloride  The Journal of Emergency Medicine

Using Vital Signs to Place Acutely Ill Patients Quickly and Easily into Clinically Helpful Pathophysiologic Categories: Derivation and Validation of Eight Pathophysiologic Categories in Two Distinct Patient Populations of Acutely Ill Patients  The Journal of Emergency Medicine


Summary author: Rebecca Howes @ClinicalLibsPHU
Summary date:
Picture by: Ehimetalor Akhere Unuabona on Unsplash

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