Emergency Evidence Updates – March 2022

Randomised Controlled Trials

A Comparison of Two Different Tactile Stimulus Methods on Reducing Pain of Children During Intramuscular Injection: A Randomized Controlled Study Journal of Emergency Nursing

Resuscitation with blood products in patients with trauma-related haemorrhagic shock receiving prehospital care (RePHILL): a multicentre, open-label, randomised, controlled, phase 3 trial The Lancet Haematology

NICE

COVID-19 rapid guideline: Managing COVID-19  NG191

Type 1 diabetes in adults: diagnosis and management NG17

Diabetes (type 1 and type 2) in children and young people: diagnosis and management NG18

Prontosan for treating acute and chronic wounds MTG67

Other Guidance/Reports

Paediatric Foreign Body Ingestion PIER Guideline

Poisoning Children’s Acute Transport Service

Cochrane

Anticoagulants for people hospitalised with COVID‐19

Inhaled corticosteroids for the treatment of COVID‐19

Primary Research

A Pragmatic Stepped-wedge, Cluster-controlled Trial of Real-time Pneumonia Clinical Decision Support American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine

Alkaline Urine in the Emergency Department Predicts Nitrofurantoin Resistance The Journal of Emergency Medicine

Assault-Related Concussion in a Pediatric Population Pediatric Emergency Care

Association between post-extubation upper airway obstruction symptoms and airway size measured by computed tomography: a single-center observational study BMC Emergency Medicine

Comparing the prehospital NEWS with in-hospital ESI in predicting 30-day severe outcomes in emergency patients BMC Emergency Medicine

Comparison of Death Anxiety, Death Obsession, and Humor in Nurses and Medical Emergency Personnel in COVID-19 Pandemic Journal of Emergency Nursing

Dexmedetomidine improves success of paediatric MRI sedation Archives of Disease in Childhood

Diagnostic accuracy of a pragmatic, ultrasound-based approach to adult patients with suspected acute appendicitis in the ED Emergency Medicine Journal

Early Prediction of Intensive Care Admission in Emergency Department Patients With Asthma The Journal of Emergency Medicine

Effect of age adjustment on two triage methods BMC Emergency Medicine

Implementation and findings on a one-minute sit-stand test for prehospital triage in patients with suspected COVID-19—a pilot project BMC Emergency Medicine

Implementation of a nurse-led alternate care site for the management of the surge of patients with COVID-19 in an Italian emergency department Emergency Medicine Journal

Improving domestic violence screening practices in the emergency department: an Australian perspective Emergency Medicine Journal

Intravenous Alteplase in a Patient With Acute Ischemic Stroke Subsequent to Purulent Meningitis: A Case Report and Literature Review Annals of Emergency Medicine

Intravenous Lipid Emulsion Treatment for Calcium-Channel Blocker Intoxication – Pediatric Case Series and Review of the Literature Pediatric Emergency Care

Massive Nonfatal Hydroxychloroquine Ingestion in a Pediatric Patient The Journal of Emergency Medicine

Paraphimosis Pain Treatment with Nebulized Ketamine in the Emergency Department Journal of Emergency Medicine

Parental and physician disagreement on help-seeking in paediatric case scenarios Archives of Disease in Childhood

Periorbital and orbital cellulitis in children: a survey of emergency physicians and analysis of clinical practice guidelines across the PERUKI network Emergency Medicine Journal

Point-of-care testing with high-sensitivity cardiac troponin assays: the challenges and opportunities Emergency Medicine Journal

Positive signs on physical examination are not always indications for endotracheal tube intubation in patients with facial burn BMC Emergency Medicine

Prevalence of Adverse Childhood Experiences in a Pediatric Emergency Department – Support for Trauma-Informed Pediatric Emergency Care Pediatric Emergency Care

Prognostic value of National Early Warning Scores (NEWS2) and component physiology in hospitalised patients with COVID-19: a multicentre study Emergency Medicine Journal

Psychiatric Emergencies in Minors – The Impact of Sex and Age Pediatric Emergency Care

Refining sonographic criteria for paediatric appendicitis: combined effects of age-based appendiceal size and secondary findings Emergency Medicine Journal

Serum D-dimer level as a predictor of neurological functional prognosis in cases of head injuries caused by road traffic accidents BMC Emergency Medicine

Single-Center Retrospective Review of the Presentation and Initial Care of Esophageal Button Battery Impactions 2007–2020 Pediatric Emergency Care

Sodium and potassium disorders in patients with COPD exacerbation presenting to the emergency department BMC Emergency Medicine

The Cost of a Learner in the Pediatric Emergency Department – A Comparison Across Two Pediatric Emergency Departments Pediatric Emergency Care

The quality of pre-announcement communication and the accuracy of estimated arrival time in critically ill patients, a prospective observational study BMC Emergency Medicine

Trauma triage criteria as predictors of severe injury – a Swedish multicenter cohort study BMC Emergency Medicine

Metadata

Summary author: Rebecca Howes @ClinicalLibsPHU
Summary date:
Picture by: Ehimetalor Akhere Unuabona on Unsplash

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